basic chord sheet

Learning Chords is definitely one of the first steps you need to take so as to start your guitar journey. Chords are simple finger positions on the guitar fret board, which are played together in strumming. Honestly you’ve got to memorize these finger positions, and the more Chords you know the more easily you can play any song. But you needn’t panic because its just a matter of few hours of practicing.

A song is played on multiple number of chords and therefore you’ll also need to practice on quick chord switching.  Here I’ve made a quick reference sheet for both beginners and pro guitarists.

There are 2 basic types of chords Major Chords(A, B C, D, E, F, ) and Minor Chords (Am, Bm, Cm, Dm, Em, Fm, Gm). Then there come other modifications of these chords (like the 7’s, Sus, 5’s etc).  There are particular chords that sound better together than other chords. The skill is choosing your best combination of chords.

As a beginner you defenitely need to master the basic chords. Only then you can jump to advanced chords. And most of the songs you wanna play can be easily be played on 3-4 chords’s combination.
Again instead of  practicing the chords randomly, you need to figure out the best sounding combination of chords. You can get those easily by understanding the Circle Of Fifth. Till then i’m giving you few such combinations to practice:

–  G C D
– A E D
– C F G
– Em, D, Am, C
(m refers to minor chord, by default its major chord)

basic chord sheet
Basic Chords Sheet




advance chord sheet
Advance Chords Sheet


  1. Hi,

    I am a beginner. Had a doubt regarding the chords shown above. Consider for eg Major A. From the picture shown above I can understand that we will have to Place our fingers on three adjacent cords simultaneously. But I have a confusion, if I can choose any of the three cords or these has to be some particular ones ?


    • Hi Swapnil,

      For every chord the position of the fingers are fixed. You have to press only the required strings at the fixed positions.

      Before explaining the example i want to clarify the figure shown in the post. In every picture you can see some horizontal and vertical lines. Each vertical line represents a string of the guitar. The left most vertical line represents the top most string of guitar and it is representedt by number 6. In the same fashion the string next to it is number 5 and so on. The right most vertical line represents the lowest string of guitar and numbered as 1.

      Now comes the horizontal lines. The gap between the horizontal lines is called as fret. So the area between the two top most horizontal lines is 1st fret. Below to it is second fret, then 3rd fret, and so on.

      Now you know everything about the figure, we can discuss about any chord.
      For example as shown in the figure in A major chord, you have to press 3 strings (2, 3, and 4) at second fret.
      You can not shift the fret or change the string. Everything should remain at the same position as shown in figure. You cannot alter anything.

  2. Nicely explained Jayant,
    Also i’d like to add, for chords like F Major and F minor, where you can see dots on every line. These are the Bar-Chords where you have to place your first finger covering all 6 strings like a bar.